Explore Everyday Health
Axe on Facebook 4 Dr. My hair is very fine and therefore I considered the loss to be very noticeable. It's in the vaccume and going down the drain. By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the Drugs. I have just purchased Biotin and wonder how you are getting on with it, as I see it can cause acne. A lack of a mineral, vitamin, or essential amino acid can certainly cause TE, such as with people in third world countries where diets can be completely deficient in one or more nutrients.
Hair Loss Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
This life cycle is divided into three phases:. There are many types of hair loss , also called alopecia:. Doctors don't know why certain hair follicles are programmed to have a shorter growth period than others. However, several factors may influence hair loss:. Skin Problems and Treatments Hair Loss. What Is Hair Loss? Continued What Causes Hair Loss? However, several factors may influence hair loss: Hormones , such as abnormal levels of androgens male hormones normally produced by both men and women Genes , from both male and female parents, may influence a person's predisposition to male or female pattern baldness.
Stress, illness, and childbirth can cause temporary hair loss. A hair shaft grows within a follicle at a rate of about 1 cm per month. It is due to cell division within the hair bulb at the base of the follicle.
The cells produce the three layers of the hair shaft medulla, cortex, cuticle , which are mainly made of the protein keratin which is also the main structure of skin and nails.
Hair growth follows a cycle. However, these phases are not synchronised and any hair may be at a particular phase at random. Hair length depends on the duration of anagen. Short hairs eyelashes, eyebrows, hair on arms and legs have a short anagen phase of around one month. Anagen lasts up to 6 years or longer in scalp hair. The features of hair loss depend on the cause. Actual symptoms such as itch and soreness are generally absent, unless caused by accompanying inflammatory skin disease.
However, a burning, prickly discomfort known as trichodynia may accompany hair shedding. Anagen hair is tapered or broken-off. Anagen is variable in duration. Children with otherwise normal hair but that cannot grow their hair long may have short anagen syndrome.
Anagen shedding is known as anagen effluvium and has sudden onset. Short broken hairs and empty follicles may be observed. If caused by a drug or toxin, hair growth can return to normal within 3—6 months of its withdrawal. Telogen hair has a bulb at the end club hair.
Oral zinc gluconate 50 milligrams supplementation was given to alopecia areata patients without any other treatment. The serum zinc levels were measured before and after zinc supplementation, and then a four-point scale of hair regrowth was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect. After the therapy, the serum zinc levels increased significantly, and positive therapeutic effects were observed for nine out of 15 patients Biotin and pantothenic acid vitamin B5 have been used as alternative treatments for hair loss.
Biotin benefits your hair by rebuilding hair shingles that have been damaged from over-shampooing, exposure to the sun, blow-drying and ironing.
Vitamin B5 supports the adrenal glands, which helps stimulate hair growth. A study published in the British Journal of Dermatology examined the ability of a leave-on combination including panthenol , the alcohol analog of pantothenic acid, to affect the diameter and behavior of individual terminal scalp hair fibers. The treatment significantly increased the diameter of individual, existing terminal scalp fibers. It also thickened hair fibers and increased the pliability, giving the hairs better ability to withstand force without breaking.
A major sign of a biotin deficiency is hair loss. A deficiency can be caused by smoking, impaired liver function or even pregnancy. Research suggests that a substantial number of women develop a biotin deficiency during normal pregnancy because the rapidly dividing cells of the developing fetus require biotin for synthesis of essential carboxylases and histone biotinylation.
To reverse hair loss and increase hair strength, take one B-complex vitamin tablet daily or take biotin and vitamin B5 separately. Eating biotin and vitamin B5 foods , such as eggs, beef, chicken, avocado, legumes, nuts and potatoes, also helps you to avoid a deficiency and aid hair growth.
Experimental evidence suggests that oxidative stress plays a major role in the aging process. Reactive oxygen species or free radicals are highly reactive molecules that can directly damage cellular structural membranes, lipids, proteins and DNA. With age, the production of free radicals increases and the amount of antioxidative enzymes that defend the body decrease, leading to the damage of cellular structures and the aging of hair.
By working as an antioxidant, vitamin C fights oxidative stress that contributes to hair graying and hair loss. To fight free radical damage and protect the hair from aging, fill up on vitamin C foods like oranges, red peppers, kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, strawberries, grapefruit and kiwi.
If you need supplementation, take —1, milligrams of vitamin C twice daily as an antioxidant. Several studies have examined the relationship between iron deficiency and hair loss, and some suggest that iron deficiency may be related to alopecia areata, androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium and diffuse hair loss.
Researchers at Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran studied the relationship between iron body status and different types of hair loss. They conducted an analytical case-control study to assess whether diffuse telogen hair loss in women between the ages of 15 and 45 is associated with iron deficiency — 30 women with documented telogen hair loss were compared with 30 women without hair loss.
The researchers found that of the nine patients with iron deficiency anemia, eight had telogen hair loss. The mean ferritin a protein in the body that binds to iron level was statistically significantly lower in patients with diffuse telogen hair loss than in subjects without hair loss.
Eat plenty of spinach, Swiss chard, collard greens, egg yolks, beef steak, navy beans and black beans. Because an iron deficiency may lead to hair loss, ensure that you get your daily recommended amount by eating plenty of iron-rich foods and taking a daily multivitamin.
However, be wary of excessive iron supplementation. It can cause iron overload and should be avoided. Hair follicles are highly sensitive to hormones, and vitamin D is a hormone that plays an important role in calcium homeostasis, immune regulation and cell growth differentiation. Research suggests that insufficient levels of vitamin D have been implicated in a variety of autoimmune diseases, including alopecia areata. A cross-sectional study involving 86 patients with alopecia areata, 44 patients with vitiligo and 58 healthy controls was conducted.
Serum hydroxyvitamin vitamin D levels in patients with alopecia areata were significantly lower than those of the patients with vitiligo and the healthy controls. Furthermore, a significant inverse correlation was found between disease severity and serum 25 OH D levels in patients with alopecia.
Researchers concluded that screening patients with alopecia areata for vitamin D deficiencies seem to be of value for the possibility of supplementing these patients with vitamin D. Direct sun exposure is the best way to absorb vitamin D, plus you can detox your body with the sun. Sit in the sun for roughly 10—15 minutes to absorb about 10, units of natural vitamin D.