Definition of Organic
Brad, a veteran who served in the military for 20 years, 15 of which were spent in Special Operations Aviation, had struggled with his weight since childhood. Archived from the original on February 16, What are your updated thoughts on Isagenix? Webarchive template webcite links Webarchive template wayback links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from July Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with inconsistent citation formats Articles lacking reliable references from February All articles lacking reliable references Articles with dead external links from April All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers. You can find the best Isagenix snacks by carefully reading the Isagenix reviews.
Most known hominin fossils dating earlier than one million years before present are found in this area, particularly in Kenya , Tanzania , and Ethiopia. Southern Caucasus was occupied by c. By the end of the Lower Paleolithic, members of the hominin family were living in what is now China, western Indonesia, and, in Europe, around the Mediterranean and as far north as England, southern Germany, and Bulgaria. Their further northward expansion may have been limited by the lack of control of fire: East Asian fossils from this period are typically placed in the genus Homo erectus.
Very little fossil evidence is available at known Lower Paleolithic sites in Europe, but it is believed that hominins who inhabited these sites were likewise Homo erectus. There is no evidence of hominins in America, Australia, or almost anywhere in Oceania during this time period. Fates of these early colonists, and their relationships to modern humans, are still subject to debate.
According to current archaeological and genetic models, there were at least two notable expansion events subsequent to peopling of Eurasia c. In the Middle Paleolithic, Neanderthals were present in the region now occupied by Poland. Both Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis became extinct by the end of the Paleolithic. Descended from Homo Sapiens , the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c.
Multiple hominid groups coexisted for some time in certain locations. Homo neanderthalensis were still found in parts of Eurasia c. DNA studies also suggest an unknown degree of interbreeding between Homo sapiens sapiens and Homo sapiens denisova.
Hominin fossils not belonging either to Homo neanderthalensis or to Homo sapiens species, found in the Altai Mountains and Indonesia, were radiocarbon dated to c. For the duration of the Paleolithic, human populations remained low, especially outside the equatorial region. Paleolithic humans made tools of stone, bone, and wood. Excavations in Gona, Ethiopia have produced thousands of artifacts, and through radioisotopic dating and magnetostratigraphy , the sites can be firmly dated to 2.
Evidence shows these early hominins intentionally selected raw materials with good flaking qualities and chose appropriate sized stones for their needs to produce sharp-edged tools for cutting. The earliest Paleolithic stone tool industry, the Oldowan , began around 2. It was completely replaced around , years ago by the more complex Acheulean industry, which was first conceived by Homo ergaster around 1.
Lower Paleolithic humans used a variety of stone tools, including hand axes and choppers. Although they appear to have used hand axes often, there is disagreement about their use.
Interpretations range from cutting and chopping tools, to digging implements, to flaking cores, to the use in traps, and as a purely ritual significance, perhaps in courting behavior. Calvin has suggested that some hand axes could have served as "killer Frisbees " meant to be thrown at a herd of animals at a waterhole so as to stun one of them. There are no indications of hafting , and some artifacts are far too large for that.
Thus, a thrown hand axe would not usually have penetrated deeply enough to cause very serious injuries. Nevertheless, it could have been an effective weapon for defense against predators. Choppers and scrapers were likely used for skinning and butchering scavenged animals and sharp-ended sticks were often obtained for digging up edible roots.
Fire was used by the Lower Paleolithic hominins Homo erectus and Homo ergaster as early as , to 1. The Lower Paleolithic Homo erectus possibly invented rafts c. However, this hypothesis is disputed within the anthropological community. In addition to improving tool making methods, the Middle Paleolithic also saw an improvement of the tools themselves that allowed access to a wider variety and amount of food sources. Harpoons were invented and used for the first time during the late Middle Paleolithic c.
During the Upper Paleolithic , further inventions were made, such as the net c. Archaeological evidence from the Dordogne region of France demonstrates that members of the European early Upper Paleolithic culture known as the Aurignacian used calendars c. This was a lunar calendar that was used to document the phases of the moon.
Genuine solar calendars did not appear until the Neolithic. The social organization of the earliest Paleolithic Lower Paleolithic societies remains largely unknown to scientists, though Lower Paleolithic hominins such as Homo habilis and Homo erectus are likely to have had more complex social structures than chimpanzee societies.
Similarly, scientists disagree whether Lower Paleolithic humans were largely monogamous or polygynous. Human societies from the Paleolithic to the early Neolithic farming tribes lived without states and organized governments. For most of the Lower Paleolithic, human societies were possibly more hierarchical than their Middle and Upper Paleolithic descendants, and probably were not grouped into bands ,  though during the end of the Lower Paleolithic, the latest populations of the hominin Homo erectus may have begun living in small-scale possibly egalitarian bands similar to both Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies and modern hunter-gatherers.
Middle Paleolithic societies, unlike Lower Paleolithic and early Neolithic ones, consisted of bands that ranged from 20—30 or 25— members and were usually nomadic. Bands sometimes joined together into larger "macrobands" for activities such as acquiring mates and celebrations or where resources were abundant.
Much evidence exists that humans took part in long-distance trade between bands for rare commodities such as ochre , which was often used for religious purposes such as ritual   and raw materials, as early as , years ago in Middle Paleolithic. Some sources claim that most Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies were possibly fundamentally egalitarian     and may have rarely or never engaged in organized violence between groups i.
Like contemporary egalitarian hunter-gatherers such as the Mbuti pygmies, societies may have made decisions by communal consensus decision making rather than by appointing permanent rulers such as chiefs and monarchs. Each member of the group was skilled at all tasks essential to survival, regardless of individual abilities. Theories to explain the apparent egalitarianism have arisen, notably the Marxist concept of primitive communism. Kelly speculates that the relative peacefulness of Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies resulted from a low population density, cooperative relationships between groups such as reciprocal exchange of commodities and collaboration on hunting expeditions, and because the invention of projectile weapons such as throwing spears provided less incentive for war, because they increased the damage done to the attacker and decreased the relative amount of territory attackers could gain.
Anthropologists have typically assumed that in Paleolithic societies, women were responsible for gathering wild plants and firewood, and men were responsible for hunting and scavenging dead animals. Men may have participated in gathering plants, firewood and insects, and women may have procured small game animals for consumption and assisted men in driving herds of large game animals such as woolly mammoths and deer off cliffs.
Early examples of artistic expression, such as the Venus of Tan-Tan and the patterns found on elephant bones from Bilzingsleben in Thuringia , may have been produced by Acheulean tool users such as Homo erectus prior to the start of the Middle Paleolithic period. Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. They decorated themselves with beads and collected exotic stones for aesthetic, rather than utilitarian qualities.
Fallio interprets Lower and Middle Paleolithic marking on rocks at sites such as Bilzingsleben such as zigzagging lines as accounts or representations of altered states of consciousness  though some other scholars interpret them as either simple doodling or as the result of natural processes. Upper Paleolithic humans produced works of art such as cave paintings, Venus figurines, animal carvings, and rock paintings.
The earliest explanation, by the prehistorian Abbe Breuil , interpreted the paintings as a form of magic designed to ensure a successful hunt. The anthropologist David Lewis-Williams has suggested that Paleolithic cave paintings were indications of shamanistic practices, because the paintings of half-human, half-animal paintings and the remoteness of the caves are reminiscent of modern hunter-gatherer shamanistic practices.
Archaeologists and anthropologists have described the figurines as representations of goddesses , pornographic imagery, apotropaic amulets used for sympathetic magic, and even as self-portraits of women themselves. Dale Guthrie  has studied not only the most artistic and publicized paintings, but also a variety of lower-quality art and figurines, and he identifies a wide range of skill and ages among the artists.
He also points out that the main themes in the paintings and other artifacts powerful beasts, risky hunting scenes and the over-sexual representation of women are to be expected in the fantasies of adolescent males during the Upper Paleolithic.
The "Venus" figurines have been theorized, not universally, as representing a mother goddess ; the abundance of such female imagery has inspired the theory that Paleolithic and later Neolithic societies centered their religion and societies around women. Dale Gutrie's hypothesis that served as "stone age pornography ". The origins of music during the Paleolithic are unknown.
This early music would not have left an archaeological footprint. Music may have developed from rhythmic sounds produced by daily chores, for example, cracking open nuts with stones. Maintaining a rhythm while working may have helped people to become more efficient at daily activities. Bird and other animal species produce music such as calls to attract mates. Another explanation is that humans began to make music simply because it pleased them. Upper Paleolithic and possibly Middle Paleolithic  humans used flute -like bone pipes as musical instruments,   and music may have played a large role in the religious lives of Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers.
As with modern hunter-gatherer societies, music may have been used in ritual or to help induce trances. In particular, it appears that animal skin drums may have been used in religious events by Upper Paleolithic shamans, as shown by the remains of drum-like instruments from some Upper Paleolithic graves of shamans and the ethnographic record of contemporary hunter-gatherer shamanic and ritual practices. According to James B. Harrod humankind first developed religious and spiritual beliefs during the Middle Paleolithic or Upper Paleolithic.
Fallio, have recently proposed that religion and spirituality and art may have first arisen in Pre-Paleolithic chimpanzees  or Early Lower Paleolithic Oldowan societies. Middle Paleolithic humans' use of burials at sites such as Krapina , Croatia c.
According to recent archaeological findings from Homo heidelbergensis sites in Atapuerca , humans may have begun burying their dead much earlier, during the late Lower Paleolithic ; but this theory is widely questioned in the scientific community.
Likewise, some scientists have proposed that Middle Paleolithic societies such as Neanderthal societies may also have practiced the earliest form of totemism or animal worship , in addition to their presumably religious burial of the dead. In particular, Emil Bächler suggested based on archaeological evidence from Middle Paleolithic caves that a bear cult was widespread among Middle Paleolithic Neanderthals. The existence of anthropomorphic images and half-human, half-animal images in the Upper Paleolithic may further indicate that Upper Paleolithic humans were the first people to believe in a pantheon of gods or supernatural beings ,  though such images may instead indicate shamanistic practices similar to those of contemporary tribal societies.
Fallio writes that ancestor cults first emerged in complex Upper Paleolithic societies. He argues that the elites of these societies like the elites of many more contemporary complex hunter-gatherers such as the Tlingit may have used special rituals and ancestor worship to solidify control over their societies, by convincing their subjects that they possess a link to the spirit world that also gives them control over the earthly realm. Religion was possibly apotropaic ; specifically, it may have involved sympathetic magic.
Paleolithic hunting and gathering people ate varying proportions of vegetables including tubers and roots , fruit, seeds including nuts and wild grass seeds and insects, meat, fish, and shellfish. The Paleolithic was an extended period of time, during which multiple technological advances were made, many of which had impact on human dietary structure. For example, humans probably did not possess the control of fire until the Middle Paleolithic,  or tools necessary to engage in extensive fishing.
In addition, the Paleolithic involved a substantial geographical expansion of human populations. During the Lower Paleolithic, ancestors of modern humans are thought to have been constrained to Africa east of the Great Rift Valley. During the Middle and Upper Paleolithic, humans greatly expanded their area of settlement, reaching ecosystems as diverse as New Guinea and Alaska , and adapting their diets to whatever local resources were available.
Another view is that until the Upper Paleolithic, humans were frugivores fruit eaters who supplemented their meals with carrion, eggs, and small prey such as baby birds and mussels , and only on rare occasions managed to kill and consume big game such as antelopes. Anthropologists have diverse opinions about the proportions of plant and animal foods consumed.
Just as with still existing hunters and gatherers, there were many varied "diets"—in different groups—and also varying through this vast amount of time.
Some paleolithic hunter-gatherers consumed a significant amount of meat and possibly obtained most of their food from hunting,  while others are shown as a primarily plant-based diet,  Most, if not all, are believed to have been opportunistic omnivores. There's evidence of Paleolithic people killing and eating seals and elands as far as c.
On the other hand, buffalo bones found in African caves from the same period are typically of very young or very old individuals, and there's no evidence that pigs, elephants, or rhinos were hunted by humans at the time. Paleolithic peoples suffered less famine and malnutrition than the Neolithic farming tribes that followed them. Large-seeded legumes were part of the human diet long before the Neolithic Revolution , as evident from archaeobotanical finds from the Mousterian layers of Kebara Cave , in Israel.
Upper Paleolithic cultures appear to have had significant knowledge about plants and herbs and may have, albeit very rarely, practiced rudimentary forms of horticulture.
In some instances at least the Tlingit , they developed social stratification , slavery , and complex social structures such as chiefdoms. A modern-day diet known as the Paleolithic diet exists, based on restricting consumption to the foods presumed to be available to anatomically modern humans prior to the advent of settled agriculture.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mousterian — ka Aterian c. Life timeline and Nature timeline. Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Between Nothing and Everything. Winfried; Hardt, Thorolf; Tatersall, Ian. Berlin; Heidelberg; New York: Science and Technology in World History: Global Ecology and Biogeography.
University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved 22 August Here are 5 tips for making a healthier Panini. The bread you choose for Panini should not contain calories more than per slice. Your Panini is healthy when it does not contain more than calories including bread and filling. The more you add butter, sauce, mayonnaise, mustard to make the Panini delicious, you are ignoring its adverse impact on health by consuming excess calories and sodium.
Invent some new healthy spread like guacamole or just smashed avocado as a spread with little salt and pepper. This will make it a healthy treat. The cold cuts especially smoked meats used in Panini contain high sodium, nitrates, nitrites, and preservative and have the increased risk of cancer.
Avoid processed meat as WHO classified it as carcinogenic to humans. You can definitely skip this risk by making Panini on your own. The filling can be easily made out of the leftovers from the roasted chicken or pork, and they make nice tasty Panini. The fatty fish like canned tuna a pregnant woman should avoid canned tuna due to high mercury level or salmon also goes well, and these are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
Sometimes going for veg Panini using marinated vegetables or tofu, black beans, onions, peppers, pears with salsa or almond butter as the spread is good and makes it equally healthy treat other than using meat every day. Add lots of sliced veggies and fruits like cucumber, carrots, bell pepper, and even an apple to make your Panini full of nutrients without many calories and make it crunchy. Try using Panini press by just clicking here http: The heterosexual men are no longer shying away from making them look clean and healthy, they love having good-manicured nails, soft pedicure feet and a clean-shaven body without a speck of spots in their facial skin.
With a lot of products hitting the departmental stores, shelf men have their own separate areas for catering their skin requirements. The skin is usually rough in the feet, hands and exposed parts due to continuous exposure to sunlight and outdoor activities, which men are more actively participating; their face seems to be ignored.
The websites are having separate offers for all types of skin products, day cream, night creams that are most effective as they are light on the skin and work while one is sleeping and the body is at rest. Best Products for Manscaping Private Area are also available and are desired by many men to use them and have a great time. Working on the skin type is very important as buying an expensive tube of a cleanser would be waste of money and harmful for the skin without knowing the skin type and allergic to certain chemicals, acids which are to be known before hitting the shelf to buy.
A Medial Finance Company, in layman terms, is the company that is only concerned mainly about with supplying money to the consumers, for hire purchase transactions or any other needs. They obtain fund either on their own or through the help of their own parent corporations. They provide credit to customers equal to the assets kept as pledged. Following are some of the services provided by a Medial Finance Company. If someone is not qualified to obtain loans from a bank, he or she might do so from a Medial Finance Company.
The loan must be secured by a tangible personal asset. Loans from a Medial Finance Company will be costlier than a bank. These types of loans are provided with the help of pledging various types of receivables, inventories and pieces of equipment.
This loan is very much popular for people who are low on cash and want to get a loan very quickly. Factoring is the process by which a manufacturer sells all its inventory at 80 per cent cost to the company. Medial Finance Companies also help in buying or large consumer appliances, by financing the total price of the appliance, and the customer shall have to pay back the amount in equal monthly installments.
Sometimes there is an attraction of interest, other times it is not, thereby making the purchase of costly electronics easier nowadays. Not only do you have to go to the gym constantly, you also have to eat healthier and spend money on expensive supplements. Boosting energy requires one thing: Caffeine, Caffeine will help you stay awake and will boost your energy temporarily before the benefits of weight loss start coming online. Use caffeine as a crutch before the increased energy from weight loss starts coming in.
This one is by far the trickiest part of it, losing weight requires concerted effort, money and time to do. How should you do this? This is a tried and tested formula which works as long as you have dedication. If you are really in need of a crutch, use forskolin to break through a plateau. I found this amazing Forskolin Review , read it up before you buy anything. Simple, go on a low carb diet with high protein. High protein and low carbs reduces the stimulation of hunger hormones in your brain which will reduce the feeling of hunger by deactivating the hormones responsible for hunger.
This is known as a Ketogenic diet. Being a man has its privileges and its disadvantages as well. This is much better than not sharing feelings which then will be later affecting your whole lifestyle. Therefore, we will be discussing the absolutely best 12 well-being tips for men. An ankle sprain happens when the solid tendons that help the lower leg extend past their cutoff points and tear.
Lower leg sprains are basic wounds that happen among individuals of any age. They extend from mellow to extreme, contingent on how much harm there is to the tendons. In case that the sprain persists, you can always take assistance from Apex Health Care. Read through to know more:. If the problem is minor, you can deal with it on your own by but if the problem is major or continues to persist, taking ankle massage services from the professionals at Apex Health Cente r would be a more suitable option.
Garcinia cambogia is a fruit which is light green or yellowish in color. Its shape is like a small pumpkin. It is also known as Malabar tamarind and Brindle berry. The fruit extract is used for different flavor profiles.
It contains an active ingredient called hydroxycitric acid HCA. But, when this extract is consumed excessively it is not good for health as it has been linked to liver toxicity. The extract does not have many other beneficial health effects than the weight loss. Now it is available online and we can order this fruit by clicking Movo Movo. It initially suppresses our appetite to avoid adding more calories by controlling what we eat when we are supposed to lose weight.
When we want to lose weight, we have to burn more calories. That can be achieved by using this fruit. Garcinia makes us feel fuller for a longer time so that we will avoid overeating and lessen the calorie consumption. It is also known as a fat burning supplement. It does not contain any artificial additives.
So, it is as pure as it does not make any side effects. As obesity is the main cause of many types of cancer, this fruit helps us to get rid of cancer. It has components like Xanthones and Garcinol which are capable of killing the cancer cells and preventing them from spreading all over the body. It prevents a build-up of fat in our body. The acid in the fruit slows down the digestion of food.
It also acts as an enzyme, which is used to convert carbohydrates into fat. It contains potassium and calcium which reduces the cholesterol levels. The usage of marijuana on the other hand has remain high and has increased, and vaping and inhalant abuse has increased significantly as well. Teens reported a decrease in these drugs such as Cocaine but marijuana, inhalants and E-cigarettes increased, marijuana is now more widely used than cigarettes in schools.
This shows the success of early prevention tactics combined with stricter school policies to enforce the anti-drug regulations. Inhalants of various kinds, including paint, chemicals and other substances has increased. Losing 10 pounds in a week is not a realistic goal. However, if you have to lose weight for an approaching wedding event or a photo shoot you can certainly make an effort to lose about 10 pounds in a week.
When trying to lose weight quickly side effects are possible if you do not pay attention to your diet. You have to plan the diet in such a way that you are able to lose weight and do not feel low in energy levels. If you are unsure about the types of food you can eat while on a diet, you can seek help of diet meal delivery programs like Nutrisystem, Weight Watchers, etc. Nutrisystem helps you lose up to 13 lbs and 7 inches in the first month when you follow the Turbo 13 plan designed by them.
This is possible because of the Turbo Takeoff kit that is provided in the first month. After completing Turbo13, the dieters have to choose any of the regular plans available with Nutrisystem.
These plans assure 2 lbs of weight loss per week if the dietary guidelines are adhered to. Weight Watchers allows you to take all types of food in a small portion and allocates point values to the foods that you consume.
The progress is checked during the weekend meetings with the point values consumed and further recommendations are provided. Read this nutrisystem and weight watchers comparison article to know more about these programs. Drink plenty of water. You can take both fruits and vegetables in day 3.
Drink plenty of water, eat up to 8 whole bananas, have a vegetable soup and drink 3 glasses of milk. Eat boiled rice, six small size tomatoes, vegetable soup and fruits like oranges, apples and grapefruit.
Eat a small portion of rice, have soup three times, vegetable soup and salad, fruit juice and drink plenty of water. What is health anxiety? Steps to overcome health anxiety Some moves that can assist you in getting rid of health anxiety include- If you are sure that you or someone you know has developed this problem, ensure that they undergo Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. This treatment will help them completely get over health anxiety. No two persons teeth are the same.
The hardest part of our teeth is the enamel. Wisdom teeth grow around the age of 17 to 25, from which it got its name. Blue toothbrushes are mostly used, than red ones. Every day, the recommended time to brush your teeth is minutes. This is one of the most common problems of the dental cavity. This arises due to no brushing, for some time. Tooth decay can occur due to various reasons — by not taking care of your teeth, eating too much sugary stuff, not brushing daily, etc.
This happens due to not using dental floss or any kind of mouth washing agent, along with brushing. This occurs when a particular teeth start to rot inside and therefore the pain gets transferred to the root of the teeth as well.
Diseases Of The Gums: Gum diseases may lead to tooth loss. Therefore, remember to keep care of your teeth daily. This is why it is advised to use this site adjustableclamp. Use of dental floss is mandatory and should be used daily. Eating a healthy diet and less of too many sugary foods can definitely help get good teeth. Schedule daily check-ups for your teeth as well. Try to drink plenty of water. You can use sugar-free gum to chew as well, as it freshens and cleans your teeth.
Here is how- 1 Be Careful Now Health insurance happens to be because you are not sure about your health conditions in the future.
Increase in older population would mean fewer people who can actually work and thus less GDP for the respective countries. Older population would also mean less reproductive capabilities and thus fewer childbirths.